By James R. Ehleringer, Thure Cerling, M. Denise Dearing
Huge examine in geology, atmospheric technological know-how, and paleontology presents a close background of CO2 within the surroundings and an knowing of things that experience motivated adjustments long ago. this data is used to light up the position of atmospheric CO2 within the smooth carbon cycle and within the evolution of crops and animals. With an knowing of the heritage and dynamics of the biosphere, the authors tackle the longer term position of atmospheric CO2 and its most likely results on ecosystems. This e-book accommodates the advances of varied earth technological know-how, environmental, and ecological fields into an total account of world switch and the altering dynamics of lifestyles on the earth.
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Extra resources for A History of Atmospheric CO2 and Its Effects on Plants, Animals, and Ecosystems
H. Freeman and M. 2. The molecular structures of C37:2 and C37:3 alkenones. phyrocapsa oceanica (Volkman et al. 1995). The most commonly observed structures are the C37, C38, and C39 methyl and ethyl ketones (de Leeuw et al. , Brassell et al. 1986; Reviewed by Brassell 1993; Sachs and Lehman 1999). Rechka and Maxwell (1988a, b) conﬁrmed the trans conﬁguration of the double bonds and suggested this property makes them more resistant to biological degradation. , 1997a; 1997b, 2002); there is, however, evidence that under certain conditions, the more unsaturated forms may be lost preferentially (Freeman and Wakeham 1992; Gong and Hollander 1999).
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Thorp-Lee, A. L. Lanham, R. Smith, 34 Prosenjit Ghosh et al. A. S. Monteiro. 1990. Changes in carbon isotope ratios in the late Permian recorded in the therapsid tooth apatite. Nature 347:751–53. W. L. Betancourt. 1994. Trends in stomatal density and 13C/12C ratios of Pinus ﬂexilis needles during last glacial-interglacial cycles. Science 264:239–43. C. Tewari. 1995. Gondwana master basin of peninsular India between Tethys and the interior of the Gondwanaland province of Pangea. Geological Society of America (memoir) 187:1–72.
A History of Atmospheric CO2 and Its Effects on Plants, Animals, and Ecosystems by James R. Ehleringer, Thure Cerling, M. Denise Dearing
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