By Afaf Lutfi Al-Sayyid Marsot
"Afaf Lutfi Al-Sayyid Marsot's ebook explores the paradoxes of Egypt's heritage in a brand new variation of her a quick background of contemporary Egypt. Charting the years from the Arab conquest, in the course of the age of the mamluks, Egypt's incorporation into the Ottoman Empire, the liberal scan in constitutional executive within the early 20th century, through the Nasser and Sadat years, the recent variation takes the tale up to the current day."--Jacket. Read more...
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Extra resources for A history of Egypt : from the Arab conquest to the present
He was also thoroughly efficient, so the organization he established lasted, as the backbone of mamluk government, for three centuries. He organized the army and the navy, allotted parcels of land (iqta) to generals in tenure, and carried out massive public works which benefited the entire population. After the conquest of Syria, his empire stretched from the Taurus mountains to Egypt, and was kept safe and secure by a system of forts and garrisons. The postal system he set up was so efficient it took only a week for a letter to go from Cairo to Damascus.
The notion of bringing men to the battlefield in bullock carts to man artillery pieces was anathema to the mamluks. Furthermore firearms shot from a galloping horse were worse than useless, whereas hand-to-hand combat was the essence of cavalry units. The Ottomans on the other hand were experienced in the use of artillery and gunpowder; their main source of strength lay in their infantry, armed with firearms, the spahis or cavalry having outlasted their utility on the battlefield. To make sure that superior fighting power would not be overcome by any untoward elements, the Ottomans ensured their victory by bribing Khair Bey, al-Ghuri’s second-in-command.
He was the epitome of Muslim chivalry and European knights learned much about chivalry from their gallant enemy. The Crusades in general proved a medium for carrying back to Europe knowledge about medical and scientific practices, for the doctors and scientists of the Middle East were then far in advance of their European counterparts. Thus knowledge of field hospitals, the art of cautery and medicines to cure a variety of fevers, diseases and illnesses were all transmitted to the West. Saladin’s descendants were to rule over Egypt until 1250.
A history of Egypt : from the Arab conquest to the present by Afaf Lutfi Al-Sayyid Marsot
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